Fsc 1st Year Biology Unit 8 Fungi MCQs, Short and Long

Fsc 1st Year Biology Unit 8: Click the link below to get our pdf library’s First Year Biology: Unit 8 Fungi MCQs, Short, and Long Questions notes in pdf. Use the search box above or the category menu at the top of this page to find more study materials. In biology, fungi (singular: fungus) are micromycetes and large mold-like organisms that are eukaryotic (slime molds). They don’t do photosynthesis like plants, algae, and some protists.

Molds, yeasts, and mushrooms are all types of fungi, which are a group of eukaryotic organisms. Because they don’t have chlorophyll and can’t make their own food, these things are called fungi. Fungi are often thought of as plants, but they are actually more related to animals than to plants.

Molds, yeasts, and mushrooms are the three main types of fungi. The most common kind of fungus is mold. Most of the time, you can find them in damp places, like on bread that has been out too long. Yeasts are one-celled fungi that can make people sick. Mushrooms are also single-celled fungi, like yeasts, but they are different because they have a stalk and a cap.

11th Biology Unit 8 Fungi MCQs

Fsc 11th class Biology unit 8 Fungi important multiple-choice questions. Similarly, it contains short and long questions of Biology unit 8 fungi.

  • Kingdom Monera
  • Kingdom Protista
  • Kingdom Fungi
  • Kingdom Plantae
  • Kingdom Animalia

Kingdom Monera:

There are bacteria and cyanobacteria in the kingdom of Monera. Based on how their cells are made, the bacteria are put into five groups: Gram-positive, Gram-negative, Spirochetes, Mycoplasmas, and Acid-fast. The fact that cyanobacteria have chlorophyll sets them apart from other bacteria.

The fungi are a diverse group of eukaryotic organisms that include yeasts, molds, and mushrooms. The chitin in the cell walls of fungi makes them different from other eukaryotes. The fungi are divided into four groups called phyla: Zygomycota, Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, and Deuteromycota.

Kingdom Protista:

Protista is one-celled eukaryotic organisms that are not plants, animals, or fungi. They are a kingdom. Many protists are very small, like diatoms, but others, like kelp, can get very big. Some protists live on land, but most of them live in water. Based on how they move, protists can be put into four groups: flagellates, amoeboids, ciliates, and sporozoans.

Unit 8 MCQs Kingdom Fungi:

There are many different kinds of organisms in the kingdom of fungi, from yeasts with only one cell to the big mushrooms we see in forests. There are three main types of fungi: true fungi, which include yeast, mold fungi, and smut fungi.

The true fungi are easy to tell apart because their cell walls are made of chitin. Chitin is a tough but bendable material that gives these fungi their distinctive shapes. The mold fungi are different because they can make spores, while the smut fungi are different because they are dark.

Chapter 8 11th Biology Kingdom Plantae:

There are two types of plants in the Kingdom Plantae: the Bryophytes (mosses) and the Tracheophytes (vascular plants). The cell walls of Bryophytes, which are non-vascular plants, don’t have lignin. The cell walls of the Tracheophytes, which are vascular plants, are made of lignin.

Lignin is a type of polymer that makes plants stiff. There are four more groups within the Tracheophytes: the gymnosperms, the monocots, the dicots, and the pteridophytes.

Kingdom Animalia – Taxonomy:

Taxonomy is a part of biology that groups living things into groups. In taxonomy, there are different levels, from kingdom to species. All animals are in the Kingdom Animalia. The phylum is the next level, and it is made up of classes. For example, the Phylum Chordata includes mammals, reptiles, and birds because they all have backbones. After class, the order is the next rank. For example, the order Carnivora is made up of animals like lions and tigers that eat meat.

Sample MCQs From 1st Year Biology Chapter 8:

1. Fungi have been classified under the kingdom

a. Plantae
b. Animalia
c. Protista
d. None
2. Which is not a fungal character?

a. Cell walls possess cellulose
b. They are heterotrophs
c. They lack centriole
d. They are nonmotile
3. Which is not on the list of green algae?

a. Fucus
b. Ulva
c. Acetabularia
d. Spirogyra
4. In their form and structure, green algae may be

a. Unicellular
b. Colonial
c. Multicellular
d. All
6. Accessory genes of bacteria are present in

a. Plasmids
b. Nucleoid
c. RNA
d. Plasmid and Nucleoid
7. Mesosomes are extensions of

a. Cell wall
b. Cell membrane
c. Chromatin body
d. Capsule
8. Of the following which one is a DNA virus?

a. Polio virus
b. In influenza virus
c. Paramyxoviruses
d. Herpes virus
9. Which virus is not spherical in shape?

a. Tubulovirus
b. Influenza virus
c. Herpes virus
d. All
10. Which is not the component of chloroplast?

a. Matrix
b. Stroma
c. Envelope
d. Thylakoid

Example MCQs Biology Chapter 8:

11. How many chromosomes are present in the frog germ cell?

a. 48
b. 26
c. 8
d. 13
12. Enzymes work in

a. Dry medium
b. Oily medium
c. Aqueous medium
d. None
13. The active site is a rigid structure

a. Lock and key model
b. Induce fit model
c. Rosette models
d. None
14. Rubber is an example of

a. Acylglycerols
b. Terpenoids
c. Waxes
d. Carbohydrates
15. What is the number of carbon atoms in butyric acid?

a. 8
b. 16
c. 18
d. 4
16. Members of the same species combine to form

a. Ecosystem
b. Population
c. Biosphere
d. Community
17. Which is not on the list of micro molecules?

a. Protein
b. CO2
c. H2O
d. NO2
18. In plants, the whole organism is formed by the combination of

a. Systems
b. Organ
c. Tissues
d. Organelles
19. Which is not among the Sac fungi?

a. Alternaria
b. Puffballs
c. Pilobolus
d. All
20. Most of the visible part of Lichen consists of

a. Alga
b. Food
c. Shell
d. Fungus
21. Which type of lichens shows branching growth form?

a. Crustose lichens
b. Fructose lichens
c. Fruticose Lichens
d. All
22. Of the following which is under the definition of vertebrate fish?

a. Shark fish
b. Crayfish
c. Jellyfish
d. Starfish
23. The kingdom Protista was introduced by 

a. R. Whittaker
b. John Hogg
c. Linnaeus
d. E. Haeckel

Fsc Part 1 Biology Unit 8 Short Questions

  1. Why do yeasts differ from other fungi and in which group they have been placed?
  2. What is the misuse of tetracycline and streptomycin
  3. What is the difference b/w chromoplast and leucoplast
  4. Why mitochondria are called the powerhouse of the cell?
  5. What are kelps and red tides?
  6. What is the phylum of Red algae and brown algae
  7. Define conjugated molecules with examples
  8. Define transcription. Name the types of RNA
  9. NAD and CTP are abbreviated for what?
  10. Differentiate b/w Competitive and Noncompetitive inhibitors
  11. Define Optimum pH. What is the optimum pH for the enzyme pancreatic lipase?
  12. Name the factors affecting the rate of enzyme action
  13. Name two techniques of treatment of cancer. Also, define each
  14. Define cloning. What is integrated disease management?

Fsc Biology Part 1  Long Questions

  1. Write a note on Nutrition in fungi
  2. Write a note on a). Chloroplast c). Plasma membrane
  3. Describe the life cycle of bacteriophage
  4. Write down the characteristics of cyanobacteria

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